Man and Sin by Piet Schoonenberg (1964) 2.3 NT

[The history of tobacco products may be told as three phases.

In phase one, tobacco cigarettes are romanticized.

Before cigarettes became popular (mass produced), they are regarded as a form of relaxation and thus a benefit to health.

After all, smoking a cigarette is like a ritual.

So, the health benefits of a cigarette are linked to a relaxation ritual.

The original concept goes like this:

A little tobacco (in fact, very little, since tobacco is toxic in high doses) plus a ritual equals relaxation. This short-term relaxation benefits the anxiety prone individual. Lighting up allows the smoker to take a break.

In phase one, value1b aligns with desire1a.]